1421 THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED THE WORLD PDF

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PDF | Book Review , The Year China Discovered the World by Gavin Menzies, Bantam Press, Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea. Review PDF The Year China Discovered America, ^^pdf free download fleet the world; 3. had ever seen sailed from its base in China. THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED THE WORLD. Did Chinese sailors reach Australia years before Captain Cook? In October ,. Chinese.


1421 The Year China Discovered The World Pdf

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Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. A former submarine commander in Britain's Royal Navy, Menzies must enjoy doing battle. The amateur historian's. Gavin Menzies' The Year China Discovered America will re- mind readers the world, emphatically including the deep interiors of both North and South. Europe prior to 1 Bantam Press, London – New York – To- ronto – Sidney – Auckland. 2. The Year China Discovered The. World, l.c. pp.

Criticism[ edit ] Mainstream Sinologists and professional historians have universally rejected and the alternative history of Chinese exploration described in it as pseudohistory.

The fundamental assumption of the book—that the Yongle Emperor dispatched the Ming fleets because he had a "grand plan", a vision of charting the world and creating a maritime empire spanning the oceans—is simply asserted by Menzies without a shred of proof The reasoning of is inexorably circular, its evidence spurious, its research derisory, its borrowings unacknowledged, its citations slipshod, and its assertions preposterous Examination of the book's central claims reveals they are uniformly without substance.

We don't regard it as an historical book, but as a narrative one. I want to see more proof. But at least Menzies has started something, and people could find more evidence. Not a single document or artifact has been found to support his new claims on the supposed Ming naval expeditions beyond Africa Menzies' numerous claims and the hundreds of pieces of "evidence" he has assembled have been thoroughly and entirely discredited by historians, maritime experts and oceanographers from China, the U.

Fritze calls the "almost cult-like" manner in which Menzies continues to drum up support for his hypothesis.

Gavin Menzies

In it Menzies claims that in Chinese delegations reached Italy and brought books and globes that, to a great extent, launched the Renaissance. He claims that a letter written in by Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli and found amongst the private papers of Columbus indicates that an earlier Chinese ambassador had direct correspondence with Pope Eugene IV in Rome.

Menzies then claims that materials from the Chinese Book of Agriculture, the Nong Shu , published in by the Yuan-dynasty scholar-official Wang Zhen fl. He says two things are almost identical when they are not.

Rivers writes that Menzies contradicts himself by saying elsewhere in his book that Taccola had started his work on his technical sketches in , when Zheng He's fleet was still assembled in China, and that the Italian engineer finished his technical sketches in —one year before the purported arrival of the Chinese fleet. He arrived at the conclusion that the solution method does not depend on this text but on the earlier Sunzi Suanjing as does the treatment of a similar problem by Fibonacci which predates the Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections.

Furthermore, Regiomontanus could rely on practices with remainder tables from the abacus tradition. Highbeam Research. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 24 March The finished copy of the book was published in as The Year China Discovered the World published as Who could have charted and surveyed these lands before they were 'discovered'?

In the book, Menzies concludes that only China had the time, money, manpower, and leadership to send such expeditions [14] and then sets out to prove that the Chinese visited lands unknown in either China or Europe. Although the book contains numerous footnotes, references and acknowledgments, critics point out that it lacks supporting references for Chinese voyages beyond East Africa, the location acknowledged by professional historians as the limit of the fleet's travels.

Menzies claims that knowledge of Zheng He's discoveries was subsequently lost because the mandarin bureaucrats of the Ming imperial court feared that the costs of further voyages would ruin the Chinese economy.

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He conjectures that when the Yongle Emperor died in and the new Hongxi Emperor forbade further expeditions, the mandarins hid or destroyed the records of previous exploration to discourage further voyages. Mainstream Sinologists and professional historians have universally rejected and the alternative history of Chinese exploration described in it as pseudohistory.

Unfortunately, this reckless manner of dealing with evidence is typical of , vitiating all its extraordinary claims: The fundamental assumption of the book—that the Yongle Emperor dispatched the Ming fleets because he had a "grand plan", a vision of charting the world and creating a maritime empire spanning the oceans—is simply asserted by Menzies without a shred of proof The reasoning of is inexorably circular, its evidence spurious, its research derisory, its borrowings unacknowledged, its citations slipshod, and its assertions preposterous Examination of the book's central claims reveals they are uniformly without substance.

Tan Ta Sen, president of the International Zheng He Society, has acknowledged the book's popular appeal as well as its scholarly failings, remarking, "The book is very interesting, but you still need more evidence. We don't regard it as an historical book, but as a narrative one. I want to see more proof.

Read 1421: The Year China Discovered The World PDF Online

But at least Menzies has started something, and people could find more evidence. His book The Year China Discovered the World , is a work of sheer fiction presented as revisionist history.

Not a single document or artifact has been found to support his new claims on the supposed Ming naval expeditions beyond Africa Menzies' numerous claims and the hundreds of pieces of "evidence" he has assembled have been thoroughly and entirely discredited by historians, maritime experts and oceanographers from China, the U.

Menzies has created a website for his readers to send him any information they can find that might support his hypothesis. Fritze calls the "almost cult-like" manner in which Menzies continues to drum up support for his hypothesis. In Menzies released a second book entitled In it Menzies claims that in Chinese delegations reached Italy and brought books and globes that, to a great extent, launched the Renaissance.

He claims that a letter written in by Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli and found amongst the private papers of Columbus indicates that an earlier Chinese ambassador had direct correspondence with Pope Eugene IV in Rome.

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Menzies then claims that materials from the Chinese Book of Agriculture , the Nong Shu , published in by the Yuan-dynasty scholar-official Wang Zhen fl. He says two things are almost identical when they are not. Rivers writes that Menzies contradicts himself by saying elsewhere in his book that Taccola had started his work on his technical sketches in , when Zheng He's fleet was still assembled in China, and that the Italian engineer finished his technical sketches in —one year before the purported arrival of the Chinese fleet.

Albrecht Heeffer investigated Menzies' claim that Regiomontanus based his solution to the Chinese remainder theorem on the Chinese work Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections from He arrived at the conclusion that the solution method does not depend on this text but on the earlier Sunzi Suanjing as does the treatment of a similar problem by Fibonacci which predates the Mathematical Treatise in Nine Sections. Furthermore, Regiomontanus could rely on practices with remainder tables from the abacus tradition.

Journal of World History

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gavin Menzies. Gavin Menzies". Highbeam Research.

Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 24 March Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 26 January Invented Knowledge: Reaktion Books. Nationalism and the Internet".The additional element in the pseudo-historical accounts described next is the important role of nationalism for those seeking to fabricate history in a glob- alising world.

It is the task of professional historians to ensure that pseudo history does not prevail. The DVD was made in China. And sometimes Menzies just plain contradicts himself, as when he asserts that "sea levels in were lower than today" p.

Of course not. Current research focuses largely on issues related to democracy and secularisation.

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